Coaches' Self-Awareness of Timing, Nature and Intent of Verbal Instructions to Athletes Research Completed

Title

Coaches' Self-Awareness of Timing, Nature and Intent of Verbal Instructions to Athletes

Lead Author

Sarah-Kate Millar , Oldham, A. R. H., & Donovan, M

Organisation(s)

AUT University

Publication Year

2011

Publisher

International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching

Contacts

 

 

Sarah-Kate Millar

Senior Lecturer, Sports Coaching

 

Coach Development Centre & Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand www.sprinz.ac.nz 

 

 

 

https://dev.sprinz.aut.ac.nz/our-staff/lecturers/sarah-kate-millar

 

Tel: +64 9 921 9999  ext 7667, mb +64 21 802185 Skype: skatewk- . 

Abstract

 

Keywords: Coaching, Feedback, Instruction, Self-Awareness, Verbal Communication

 Coach development literature identifies the need for coaches to be self- aware regarding their impact on athletes. Here, four English rowing coaches were observed and their ability to accurately identify the type, nature and timing of verbal instructions used while coaching was examined. For one training session, every verbal instruction delivered by the coaches was coded, using an adapted version of the Feedback Analysis Profile (FAP). At the end of the session, coaches completed an in- depth questionnaire about their perceived verbal behaviour. Results showed that the coaches were inaccurate when recalling what was said to athletes. Coaches were observed giving predominantly concurrent (while athletes were rowing) and prescriptive (what to do) instructions. Results also showed minimal use of evaluative (was it any good?) or affective (how did it feel?) feedback. Coaches’ perceptions did not match recorded data, highlighting the need to develop methods which increase coach self- awareness.

 

Areas of Focus

Topics

Sport and Recreation Types

Views

1539

Added

July 16, 2014

Last Modified

July 18, 2014